Home Remedies

Sore Throat- Causes, Symptoms and Home Remedies

Sore throats are among one of the most common health ailments. Medically called pharyngitis; which is an inflammation of the pharynx due to bacterial or viral infection.

The best way to get rid of pharyngitis is to regularly keep both your nasal passages and the back of your tongue as clean always, while sore throat tend to be quite painful, they often go away within a week.

The pain, itchiness or irritation you experience with a sore throat is real. Most times simple things like swallowing liquids and eating meals suddenly leads to discomfort. In fact, soreness is the primary symptom of sore throat.

Even if a sore throat isn’t serious enough to warrant a visit to your doctor, it is still painful and may interfere with you’re getting a sound sleep. But not to worry there are home remedies to soothe the pain, itchiness and irritation you feel.

Sore Throat Causes

Viral Causes of Sore Throat

  • The common cold
  • Laryngitis or the infection of the voice box.
  • Mononucleosis or known as mono or the kissing disease is a viral infection that often brought the persistent and very uncomfortable sore throat.
  • The other viral infection such as influenza, herpangina and also mumps.

Bacterial Causes

  • Allergy
  • Indoor and Outdoor Pollution
  • Gerd
  • Cancerous Tumors of the Throat

Although sore throat  can be very painful are quite a few simple natural remedies you can prepare at home to provide effective relief.

12 Natural Remedies for Sore Throat

  • Honey
  • Salt Water
  • Ginger root tea
  • Chamomile tea
  • Peppermint Tea
  • Baking Soda
  • Sage and echinacea
  • Marshmallow root
  • Licorice root
  • Slippery elm
  • Apple cider Vinegar
  • Garlic


 Honey is one of the best remedies for a sore throat due to its natural antibacterial properties that allows it to act as a wound healer, immediately offering relief for pain while working to reduce inflammation. Honey can also kill bacteria and help fight off viral infections. You can mix it in tea or take it on its own. Honey should not be given to infants under the age of one.

  • Drinking tea or warm lemon water mixed with honey is a common way to soothe a sore throat.
  • 2 teaspoons of honey at bedtime help reduce cough and improve sleep, too


Salt water is reckoned as one of the simplest and most effective home remedies for sore throat, which has been used for a long time. Gargling with warm salt water can help soothe a sore throat and break down secretions. It’s also known to help kill bacteria in the throat.


  • Warm water.
  • ½ teaspoon Salt


  • Make a saltwater solution with a half-teaspoon of salt in a full glass of warm water.
  • Gargle it to help reduce swelling and keep the throat clean.

This should be done every three hours or so.



  • Fresh ginger root.
  • 1 liter water.
  • 1 tablespoon (15 ml) honey or sweetener of choice.
  • A squeeze of lemon juice.


  1. Peel ginger root and grate into a small bowl.
  2. Boil water in a large saucepan, then remove from heat.
  3. Place 1 tablespoon (15 ml) grated ginger into the saucepan and cover with lid.
  4. Let steep for 10 minutes.
  5. Add sweetener and lemon juice, then stir to combine.

This tea can be reheated as needed, or served cold.



  • 1 teaspoon ground sage.
  • 1 teaspoon ground echinacea.
  • 1/2 cup water.


  1. Boil water.
  2. Place sage and echinacea in a small jar and then fill with boiling water.
  3. Let steep for 30 minutes.
  4. Pour mixture through strainer and then combine with 1/2 cup hard liquor (skip the liquor if you are an alcoholic or prefer to avoid alcohol for any reason).
  5. Place in small spray bottle and spray into throat every two hours or as needed.



 Chamomile tea is naturally soothing. It has long been used for medicinal purposes, like soothing a sore throat. It’s often used for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and astringent properties.

Research have shown that inhaling chamomile steam can help relieving a sore throat. Drinking chamomile tea can offer the same benefit. It can also stimulate the immune system to help your body fight off the infection that caused your sore throat in the first place.


  • 1 teaspoon dried Chamomile tea
  • 1-1 1/2 cups water


  1. Boil the chamomile tea in water for 3-5 minutes.
  2. Strain and drink this freshly prepared chamomile herbal tea.


Peppermint is known for fresh breathe. It contain antiviral and anti bacterial properties which promote healing. Peppermint contains menthol the active ingredient used in many throat and cough drops. it helps in thinning mucus and soothes sore throats.


  • 1 teaspoon dried Peppermint tea
  • 1-1 1/2 cups water


  1. Boil the Peppermint tea in water for 3-5 minutes.
  2. Strain and drink this freshly prepared  herbal tea.


Gargling with baking soda mixed with salt water can help relieve a sore throat pain. Gargling with this solution can kill bacteria and prevent the growth of the bacteria.


  • 1 cup warm water
  • ¼ teaspoon Baking Soda.


  • Combine the warm water and baking soda
  • Mix thoroughly
  • Gargle with the Mixture
  • Use this every three hours until you get relief


 Marshmallow root contains a mucus-like substance that coats and soothes a sore throat. Simply add some of the dried root to a cup of boiling water to make tea. Sipping the tea two to three times a day may help ease throat pain.


  • 1 cup warm water.
  • 1 ounce  dried marshmallow root.


  • Combine the Marshmallow and water in jar and cover with the lid
  • Put in the fridge overnight.
  • Strain and drink .

 Sip this throughout the day to help reduce your pain.


Licorice is an aged long old remedy used for treating sore throat. Studies have shown how effective licorice is when mixed with water to create a solution for gargling. However, it is advisable for pregnant and breastfeeding women to avoid this remedy.


  • Cold water.
  • 1 ounce dried Licorice root.


  • Add the Licorice root to water and bring to a boil
  • Simmer for 20 minutes on low heat
  • Strain out the herbs
  • Add honey and drink



Slippery elm has a mucus-like substance in it. When mixed with water, it forms a slick gel that coats and soothes the throat. To use, pour boiling water over powdered bark, stir, and drink. You may also find that slippery elm lozenges help


  • 2 tablespoons slippery elm powder
  • 1 cup water


  • Bring the water to a boil and add slippery elm
  • let it steep for 10 minutes
  • Strain the mixture
  • Add sweetener of choice
  • Drink

When this is ready, you can sip on it throughout the day to help reduce your symptoms


 Apple cider vinegar has many natural anti bacterial properties. Studies have shown its antibacterial effects in getting rid of infections. Due to the acidic nature of Apple cider Vinegar it helps break down mucus in the throat and stop the bacteria from spreading.

There are many different ways of using ACV to treat sore throats, depending on the severity of the illness and also your body’s sensitivity to vinegar. It is best to first consult your doctor or healthcare practitioner.


  • 2 tablespoons apple cider vinegar
  • 1 teaspoon honey
  • A glass of water


  1. Mix the ACV and honey with water and drink this solution.
  2. Alternately, dilute a tablespoon of ACV in a glass of warm water.
  3. Gargle with this solution.

When this is ready, you can sip on it throughout the day to help reduce your symptoms


 Garlic contains antibacterial and anti- fungal properties. The active ingredients in Garlic allicin is known for its ability to ward off infections. Also have natural antibacterial properties. 

Research has shown that taking, garlic supplement on a regular basis can help prevent the common cold virus. Adding fresh garlic to your diet is also a way of gaining its antibacterial properties.


  • 1 Clove of Garlic


  • Cut the garlic into two pieces and place one on each side of the mouth.
  • Slowly suck the juice from these pieces.
  • Spit them out after a few minutes and rinse your mouth with lukewarm or plain water.


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